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How CBD oil can relieve period pain

18.11.21 4 min. read
  1. What causes period pain?
  2. What are the signs of period pain?
  3. What can help ease period pain?
  4. How does CBD oil ease period pain?
  5. How CBD oil can be your ally in treating period pain

Period pain can manifest itself in different ways. Whether it’s a slight pulling sensation in the abdomen or severe cramps will vary from woman to woman. One thing’s for sure, pain during menstruation is not uncommon. One in three women take painkillers to treat period pain that makes life difficult.[1][1]

Synthetic medications are often used to relieve the pain but taking painkillers on a regular basis can have severe side effects over time that can result in additional distress. Using CBD oil during menstruation is a natural, synthetic-free alternative without severe side effects.

What causes period pain?

We generally distinguish between primary and secondary period pains. The former are pains that have no underlying disorder, while secondary period pains are caused by a disorder or other factors. These can include benign growths on the uterus such as polyps or fibroids, or endometriosis. If a disorder is at the root of period pain, the focus should always be on treating the underlying condition in addition to easing the symptoms.

But what causes primary period pain? During our cycle, the mucous membrane lining the uterus builds up to get ready for a fertilised egg to attach itself. If the egg is not fertilised, the body needs tissue hormones called prostaglandins. These hormones signal the uterus to contract and get rid of its lining, which we shed during our menstrual period, along with the unfertilised egg.

But since prostaglandins are also involved in inflammatory processes, an excess of them can lead to experiencing pain and cramps. As early as the 1970s, studies showed that the concentration of prostaglandins in women with menstrual pain can be four times higher than that found in women without pain.[2]

What are the signs of period pain?

If you're under 30, you're more likely to suffer from at least one of the most common symptoms of primary period pain.[3] These include a pulling sensation or cramping in the abdomen, pain that radiates into your back, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, or headaches.[4] The strength of your menstrual blood flow can also have an impact on the pain. The heavier your blood flow, the greater the likelihood of more severe pain. So if you have an extremely heavy period, you're likely to suffer more.[5]

What can help ease period pain?

Painkillers are the common treatment applied in conventional medicine. Because they promise rapid relief, this makes sense – at first glance. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) inhibit cyclooxygenases.[6] These are enzymes involved in the production of prostaglandins. Since prostaglandin levels significantly influence pain, you’ll usually feel better shortly after taking painkillers.

But these drugs also have their downsides. When taken frequently and on a regular basis, painkillers can negatively impact the organs responsible for breaking down chemical products in your body. In the long term, this can lead to damage to the kidneys, gastrointestinal tract or the liver. The central nervous system and cardiovascular system can also be affected.[6]

In addition, pain-relieving medications are ineffective in 10% of women with period pain.[7] For this reason, more and more women are turning to alternative, natural means of managing their pain. Women's herbs such as yarrow, lady's mantle or mugwort can help with a variety of women's ailments, for example. CBD oil can also be used to relieve period pain.

How does CBD oil ease period pain?

Cannabidiol, or CBD for short, can affect our bodies and health in a number of ways. Scientific research suggests that the use of CBD oil for period pain triggers a similar mechanism in the body as the NSAIDs described above. For example, a 2008 study showed that CBDa, a precursor chemical to CBD, could also inhibit cyclooxygenases and thus the production of prostaglandins.[8]

Recent research also suggests that CBD oil may be effective in treating pain. A recent study showed that the use of CBD could significantly reduce neuropathic pain in subjects.[9] Although further research on this is needed, these initial results suggest that CBD oil may also have a positive effect on period pain during menstruation.

How CBD oil can be your ally in treating period pain

There’s another reason why it’s worth giving CBD a try during your period: Whereas regular use of pain medication can negatively impact your health, CBD has no side effects and, according to the World Health Organisation, is not considered harmful.[10] So, if you find yourself doubled over in pain under the covers once a month, you could start a new ritual involving cbd oil to treat menstrual pain.

Our soothing period creme The Hug contains natural CBD and several medicinal herbs that foster relaxation as they help calm and refresh. Introducing a feel-good ritual with CBD during your period can be a great synthetic-free alternative to drugs like ibuprofen or diclofenac – and with no side effects.

Sources:

[1] Dysmenorrhö hat viele Ursachen
https://www.pharmazeutische-zeitung.de/dysmenorrhoe-hat-viele-ursachen/

[2] Endogenous levels of prostaglandin F2alpha and its main metabolites in plasma and endometrium of normal and dysmenorrheic women
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/637076/

[3] Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen (IQWiG): Regelschmerzen
https://www.gesundheitsinformation.de/regelschmerzen.html

[4] Dysmenorrhö hat viele Ursachen
https://www.pharmazeutische-zeitung.de/dysmenorrhoe-hat-viele-ursachen/

[5] Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit im Gesundheitswesen (IQWiG): Regelschmerzen
https://www.gesundheitsinformation.de/regelschmerzen.html

[6] Nichtsteroidale Antirheumatika: Weniger Nebenwirkungen durch selektive COX-2-Hem
https://www.deutsche-apotheker-zeitung.de/daz-az/1999/daz-45-1999/uid-1692

[7] Primary Dysmenorrhea
https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0801/p489.html

[8] Cannabidiolic acid as a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitory component in cannabis
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18556441/

[9] The Effectiveness of Topical Cannabidiol Oil in Symptomatic Relief of Peripheral Neuropathy of the Lower Extremities
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31793418/

[10] Critical Review Report: Cannabidiol (CBD)
https://www.who.int/medicines/access/controlled-substances/CannabidiolCriticalReview.pdf

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